This data story provides data on the official unemployment rates for all metros in South Africa from 2007 to 2016. The official unemployment rate excludes discouraged workers from the number of people who are unemployed, resulting in a lower unemployment rate than if discouraged work seekers were included. Therefore, it is useful to also understand the percentage of discouraged work seekers of the unemployed population who are included in the expanded definition of unemployment. This data is included per metro for the second quarter of 2017 and for eThekwini between 2009 and 2017.
How does the unemployment rate affect citizens of eThekwini?
The following figures will help us understand this question.
Unemployment: How Does eThekwini Compare to the Rest of the Country?
EThekwini has the lowest official unemployment rate amongst metros in the country.
What are the trends of employed, unemployed and economically inactive populations in eThekwini between 2009 and 2017?
The strict unemployment rate in Q2 2017 is 21.8%.This is higher than Q2 2016’s 19.7% unemployment rate. EThekwini has had the highest percentage of Discouraged Work Seekers, as a proportion of all its unemployed citizens, for 8 consecutive quarters running.
showOverviewshowEThekwini and Ekurhuleni Metro Municipalities have the
highest proportion of discouraged work seekers in South Africa.
The number of not economically active people has decreased between 2009 and 2017 while the number of employed and unemployed people have increased over the same time period.
showOverviewshowIn 2010 the not economically active population
experienced a sharp increase of 6%.showIn 2014, the not economically active population decreased by 1% and is now on a downward trend.showUnemployment is steadily increasing in an upward
trajectoryshowThe number of employed increased by 2% from 2014 to
Despite the fact that the local economy increased employment by 58 000 (5.2%) from Q2 2016 to Q2 2017, the net effect was that unemployment grew in the same period. However, it is important to note that the labour force absorption rate increased (from 47.4% to 49.4%) and the participation rate also increased (from 59.1% to 63.1%) over the same period.
This means that since last year this time, there are more people looking for employment and the likelihood of finding employment has increased, albeit marginally.
The respondents who participated in this survey represented all walks of life. The respondents included
victims of crime and those who were not victims, The employed and the unemployed or not economically
active as well as low and high income households were included.
The 2017 data was analysed to find out if being a crime victim, being unemployed or being from a low
income household would result in respondents mentioning different problems? Both groups of victims and
non-victims most often mentioned crime, unemployment and financial problems as the top 3 problems and in
the same order.
The employed and unemployed or not economically both listed crime and financial problems within the most
mentioned top three problems. However they differed in that the employed mentioned substance abuse as
the third most mentioned problem whereas the unemployed included lack of employment as the second most
mentioned problem following crime.
The following criminal activities were mentioned: gangsters/thugs, rape, cable theft,
prostitution, and racism.
Concern was also raised about the justice and the police.
Financial problems include the cost of living, high rates and taxes, goods and service
affordability, being a
sole breadwinner, supporting grandparents, insufficient retirement savings, high cost of
Inflationary problems include rising petrol and food costs and general inflationary pressure.
Substance abuse related to pills, drugs and alcohol,
Lack of employment and retrenchment.
eThekwini Municipality, 2013. Municipal Services and Living Conditions Survey 2012-2013. Research and Policy Advocacy Department. Unpublished Report.
eThekwini Municipality, 2014. Municipal Services and Living Conditions Survey 2013-2014. Research and Policy Advocacy Department. Unpublished Report.
eThekwini Municipality, 2015. Municipal Services and Living Conditions Survey 2014-2015. Research and Policy Advocacy Department. Unpublished Report.
eThekwini Municipality, 2016. Municipal Services and Living Conditions Survey 2015-2016. Research and Policy Advocacy Department. Unpublished Report.
eThekwini Municipality, 2017. Municipal Services and Living Conditions Survey 2016-2017. Research and Policy Advocacy Department. Unpublished Report.